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TPO AND RAILWAY SUB OFFICES BIBLIOGRAPHY

Compiled by Tony Goodbody



Introduction

It was suggested at the Railway Philatelic Group Convention of 2001 that it would be useful if a bibliography of references to railway philately were prepared.

The most pressing difficulty has been how decide on a criterion for inclusion. For countries for which definitive works have been published we have tended to omit articles which duplicate material found in the books. For countries for which no such definitive works have yet been published we have included even short articles which shed a little light on the subject. References to TPO before Volume 18 have been drawn from the Cumulative Index.

The list is arranged alphabetically by country. For countries not indicated in bold type, no reference is known. References to ‘TPO’ are to the journal of the TPO & Seapost Society. The TPO Cumulative Index for Volumes 1-50 is an indispensable tool. References to ‘EMS’ (Eisenbahn Motiv Sammler) are to the journal of the Motivgruppe Eisenbahnwesen.

We are most grateful to Horst Brix, Keith Downing, John Forshaw, Helmuth Hagen, Philip Robinson, Chris Tennant and many others for their help in compiling the bibliography. Also I am grateful to Keith Downing for the web links to articles.

See
Travelling Post Offices for further information on this subject.
See
Railway Sub Offices for further information on this subject.

Any comments and additions please send to



A

Algeria

See works by Chase and Pothion under France.

Angola

Grether W & Walker M. The TPO Cancellations of Angola. Published in Newsletter of the (South African) Railway Thematic Group No 24 February 1992, 3 pp .

Outlines details of TPOs in Angola with dates of use of all numbered postmarks.

Martin R. Angola. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 47, No4, pp 72-74; Vol 48, No1, pp 17-18, 1993/4.
See also Angola under Portugal.

Argentina

Bose, WBL & Korth, R. Estafetas Postales Ambulantes Argentinas 1865-1965. The TPOs of Argentina, 1865-1965). Illustrated. b/w, 38 pp . Publisher: the authors(?), 1974. Spanish text with introduction in English and German.

Catalogues railway, river and highway TPO marks. Will identify the line (but not the precise terminal points) for any numbered route.

Ceriani, JA & Kneitschel, R. Postmarks used in Railway Ambulant Post Offices – Argentina 1865 – 1892. Illustrated 56 pp . Spanish and English text. Published by Biblioteca del Cronista Filatélico, 2nd Edition, 1995. ISBN 987-99634-2-3. Lists and illustrates TPO marks by railway (with historical background for each).

Australia

Posted on Train, Australia. TPO, Vol 21, No2, p47, 1967.

Australia (NSW)

Peck, RC. NSW Travelling Post Offices 1870-1983. Illustrated b/w, 126 pp. Published by the author, 1983. ISBN 0 9596099 3 8.

Details of routes, postmarks and vehicles. Apparently comprehensive and a superb work.

Frankenstein, V. Handstamps of the Travelling Post Offices of New South Wales. Illustrated. b/w, 7 pp. Published by Robson Lowe.

A catalogue listing with recorded dates before Federation only.

Australia (Queensland)

Adams, GT. Queensland Beyond the Catalogue. Part IV. Gibbons Stamp Monthly, October 1982, pp 48-50. Contains a paragraph on Queensland TPOs.
Gavin, AA. Queensland TPO Marks and Notes. TPO Vol 5 p 78, p 167, Vol 6 pp 32, 60, 62, 97 and 153, Vol 15 p 135, Vol 18 p 61, Vol 23 p 182, Vol 24, p 27.

Australia (South Australia)

Presgrave, AD. The Travelling Post Offices of South Australia. Illustrated b/w (coloured back cover), 132pp . Published by the Stuart Rossiter Trust Fund. ISBN 0 9527177 6 X.

Comprehensive treatment of the vehicles, postmarks and routes.

Australia (Tasmania)

Heaps, E. The Travelling Post Offices of Tasmania Illustrated b/w. 7 pp . TPO Vol 33, No 3, pp 51-57, 1979.

Historical introduction, followed by description of the routes and the postmarks used. One map.

Australia (Victoria)

Purves, JRW. Victoria: The Travelling Post Offices and their markings, 1865-1912. Illustrated b/w. 66 pp . Published by the author, 1979 (2nd Ed). ISBN 0 7256 0220 1.

The definitive work by the acknowledged authority on the subject.

Victoria (Australia) TPOs
http://www.stampsofvictoria.com/tpo.php


Australia (Western Australia)

Owen, GE. The TPOs of Western Australia. TPO Vol 19, No1, pp 6-10; Vol 19, No 2, pp 49-52; Vol 19, No 3, pp 101-103; Vol 19, No 4, pp 125-126; Vol 20, No 4, pp 107-108,1965/6. Western Australia: The Stamps and Postal History. Published by the Western Australia Study Group, PO Box T1774, Perth, WA 6001. ISBN 9596 476 00.

This publication includes a short chapter (10 pp) on Western Australia TPOs.

Austria

The Travelling Post Office in Austria. Illustrated b/w, Approx. 60 pp . Published in Austria. The Journal of the Austrian Stamp Club of Great Britain. Parts 1-8, July 1966–April 1968.

The dates of the parts have been deduced and need to be confirmed. The series probably extends beyond part 8. The parts listed cover the subject to about 1900.

Bock, G. Bahnpost in Südtirol. Illustrated b/w 145pp . Published by the author in 1998, spiral bound. Detailed study of lines south of the Brenner Pass which were part of Austria until 1918 but now in Italy.

Christian, RL. The TPOs of Austria. TPO, Vol 22, No 5, pp 158-160, 1968. The current list of TPOs in 1968.

Clothier, AC. Current TPOs of Austria. TPO, Vol 26, No 2, pp 38-39; Vol 26, No 3, pp 89-91, 1972. The current list of TPOs in 1972.

Klein, W. Die postalischen Abstemplungen und andere Entwertung-arten auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Zweiter Band. Hans Kolbe, Seilergasse 2, A-1010 WIEN, 1973.

Chapters 5-8 (pp 573-710) comprise a comprehensive listing of TPOs, mailguards, cross-border routes, etc.

Visser, JP Austrian Gesamtpostkurs. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 26, No 5, pp 141-144. Deals with post World War II Mailguard marks.

Waldhäusel, F. Der deutsche Bahnpoststempel in der Ostmark 1938 – 1945 und ab 1945 in der 2 Republik Österreich. Special issue of Die Briefmarke. Illustrated b/w. Undated, 16 pp.

Deals with German oval type of TPO postmark used in Austria.

Meyer, FT. Austrian TPOs. TPO, Vol 18, No 2, pp 35-38; No 3, pp 76-78; No 4, pp 113-114; No 5, pp 142-144, 1964. Contains list of TPOs current in 1964.

Waldhäusel, F. Die Eisenbahnpostkurse Österreichs ab 8 August 1966. Illustrated b/w, 5 pp . Die Briefmarke No 145, Sep 1971, pp 21-26.

An introduction and listing of the Austrian TPO route, from 8 August, 1966. German text.

The Austrian Gesamtpostkurs Mark. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 23, No 6, pp 173-175, 1969.

Deals with the mailguard marks.

B

Bechuanaland

Hagen H. The Railway Letter Post in Bechuanaland Protectorate. Published in Newsletter of the (South African) Railway Thematic Group No 25 April 1992, 3 pp . Outlines details of carriage of railway letters by South African Railways in Bechuanaland and modern Botswana up to 1986.

See also under South Africa.

Belgian Congo

In the TPO Cumulative Index, there are several references of notes only in early numbers of TPO up to Vol 7.

Belgium

Andrews, SJ, Loader, CC. The Travelling Post Offices of Belgium. Illustrated b/w, 11 pp .TPO, Vol 29, No 3, pp 51-55, Vol 29, No 4, pp 94-96, Vol 30, No 1, pp 18-20, 1975/6.

Deals with the very early Belgian TPO marks up to about 1850.

De Bast, J & Herman, H. Bureaux Ambulants de Belgique, 1840-1988. Illustrated b/w, 463 pp . French text. Club 92, Erquelinnes, 1998. The definitive work.

Madame Henrot. Belgian TPOs in July 1892. Not illustrated. TPO, Vol 21, No 5, pp 161-2, 1967.

Kidd, C. Sorting marks of the Belgian Railway Post Office. TPO, Vol 21, No 1, pp 1-4, 1967.

Kidd, C. The Belgian Foreign sorting marks used in TPOs from 1840 to 1880. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 41, No 1, pp 14-23, 1987.

Kidd C. Belgian Station Marks used by the Bureaux Ambulants. Illustrated b/w. TPO Vol 41, No 2, pp 37-40, 1987.

Sauer-Drissen L. De Belgische Spoorwegen en de Militaire Postcolli, 1994.

Stas M & Magnette A. Repertoire des Gares et Lignes du Reseau Ferroviare Belge. IIlustrated b/w with maps of Ligne 0 until Ligne 166, 1995.

Jean de Baste. Les Tramways Bruxellois - auxilliaires de la poste 1875-1940. Published 2007 by l'Union des Circles Philateliques de la Region Bruxelloise. (no ISBN), 142pp. In French.

An illustrated, detailed history of the carriage of express mail by Brussels trams and the associated 'TRAM' markings from 1875 to 1940. The book details each tramway route in Brussels which was used for the carriage of the mails, in particular their use for Express Letters which were cancelled ‘TRAM’ in later years.
Bolivia

Harmshaw RO. Bolivia: TPOs and Ornamental Cancellations of the Late 19th and early 20th Centuries. The Mainsheet, Vol 2, No Sept/Nov 1973, pp 10-18.

Follow-up articles in Vol 2, No 6 pp 57-58 and Vol 2, No 7, p85. There are several references (notes only) in TPO, Vols 9-26.

Brazil

Bayliss D. The TPOs of Brazil – The Cancellations of Bahia State. Illustrated b/w, 6 pp . TPO, Vol 31, No 1, pp 6-11, 1977. Detailed article containing map and tracings of the cancels.

Bayliss D. The Railways of Minas State. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 46, No 2, pp 39-41, Vol 46, No 3, pp 53-56, Vol 46, No 4, pp 75-77, Vol 47, No 1, pp 5-7, 1992-3.

Ponge H. The TPOs of Brazil, Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 19, No 5, pp 158-9, Vol 19, No 6, pp 197-200, Vol 20, No 1, pp 18-20, Vol 20, No 2, pp 54-55, Vol 20, No 3, pp 85-87, Vol 20, No 4, pp 114-116, Vol 20, No 5, pp 144-146, Vol 20, No 6, pp 180-184, Vol 21, No 1, pp 20-22, Vol 21, No 2, pp 54-56, Vol 21, No 3, pp 90-92, Vol 21, No 6, pp 210-212, Vol 22, No 1, pp 22-25, Vol 22, No 2, pp 54-56, Vol 22, No 3, pp 94-95, Vol 22, No 4, pp 126-128, Vol 22, No 5, pp 154-156, Vol 22, No 6, pp 200-203 Vol 23, No 1, pp 18-20, Vol 23, No 2, pp 54-56, 1965-9.

Covers the South Central Zone (the states of São Paulo, Goiás and Mato Grosso) only, based on the author’s collection.

British Guiana

Kidd C. British Guiana – The TPOs and TPAs. Illustrated b/w, 5 pp . TPO, Vol 38, No 3, 1984, pp 51-55.

Updating of 1951 article describing routes and postmarks, both railway and river. Curiously, it seems to have been written without reference to the much longer and more comprehensive chapter in the Townsend & Howe book on British Guiana.

Townsend WA & Howe FG. Travelling Post Offices and Postal Agencies. Illustrated b/w, 30 pp . Royal Philatelic Society, London, 1970. Chapter 33 (pp 376-405) of the definitive work British Guiana: The Postage Stamps and Postal History.

Bulgaria

Dehn, RA. Some Bulgarian TPOs. TPO, Vol 30, No 4, pp 93-95, Vol 31, No 1, pp 25-26, Vol 31, No 2, pp 42-43, 1976/7.

Tentative series of articles.

Kool, F & Hitzler, T. Der Beginn der Eisenbahnpost in Bulgarien und Ostrumelien, in Rundbrief No 9 der Interessengemeinschaft der Bulgariensammler 2004, Seite 919 – 930. Triffonov TB. Bahnpost in Bulgarien. EMS Nos. 129-132 inclusive 1997-1998. In German. Illustrated 16 pp.

Burma

Davis, G & Martin, D. Burma Postal History. Illustrated b/w, 204 pp (plus 1987 supplement). Robson Lowe, 1971. Chapters 6 & 7 deal with rail and steamer services.

The definitions in the supplement apply to the whole of India.

C

Cameroon

M Bratzel Jr. The Railroads of Cameroun and Associated Postal History. Published in Canada 2009 by the author ISBN 978-0-9694026-6-4,154pp.

Full details of the development of the country’s railways with timetables. Illustrates all known TPO marks but could also be added to the Thematic list as well as it shows all stamps along with details of the lines and is well illustrated with photos, timetables and postcards.

Cameroons (French)

See under French Colonies.

Cameroons (German)

German Colonial TPO, 1913-1914. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 26, No 3, p 71, 1972.

Canada

Gillam, LF. Canadian Mail by Rail, 1836-1867. Illustrated b/w, 168 pp, hardbound. Published by the author, 1985.

Deals with pre-confederation railway systems of Upper and Lower Canada, with mail markings used on route and detailed historical material.

Gillam, LF. A History of Canadian RPOs, 1853-1967. Illustrated b/w, 179 pp + 16 maps. Published by the American Philatelic Society, Inc, 1979. ISBN 0-933580-02-9.

Cross referenced with the Shaw/Ludlow list with which it should be used in conjunction. Unfortunately, Newfoundland is not included.

Ludlow, Lewis, M. Catalogue of Canadian Railway Cancellations and Related Transportation Postmarks. Illustrated b/w. 272 pp, spiral bound. Published by the author, 1982.

Updated version of the Shaw/Ludlow edition of 1975.

McLeod O’Reilly, S. On Track: The Railway Mail Service in Canada. Illustrated b/w, 150 pp . Published by Canadian Museum of Civilisation, 1992.

Shaw, TPG. Catalogue of Canadian Railroad Cancellations. Illustrated b/w, 53 pp . Published by the author, 1944.

Shaw, TPG. (Revised and edited by Ludlow, L.M). The Catalogue Section of the Handbook of Canadian Transportation Postmarks. Illustrated b/w, 143 pp . Published by the British North American Philatelic Society, 1975.

A pure listing, including RPOs and stations (depots), arranged by region, including Newfoundland. To be used in conjunction with the History by Gillam. Updated version of the Shaw catalogue of 1944.

Central America

Vandervelde, VD. The Travelling Post Offices of Central America: An Introduction. Illustrated b/w, 3 pp . Central American Newsletter, 1980s.

Some notes on Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama.

Ceylon

Kirby, R. Travelling Post Offices of Ceylon. Illustrated b/w, 5 pp . TPO, Vol 33, No 3, pp 49-53. First published in 1948 and updated since. Comprehensive and includes modern Sri Lankan cancels.

Walker, D. The Travelling Post Offices of Ceylon. Gibbons Stamp Monthly, August, 1979, pp 56-58.

Description of the routes, postmarks and map. Update of article by same author in Railway Philately, Vol 4, No 1, December, 1969.

Walker, D. The Travelling Post Offices of Ceylon. Illustrated b/w, 39 pp, spiral bound. Published by the Ceylon Study Circle of Great Britain, 1990.

A greatly expanded version of the earlier articles by the same author.

Chile

Vamos Sz E. The Travelling Post Offices of Chile. Illustrated b/w, 29 pp + 3 maps. Published by Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1983.

Translation from Spanish article in Chile Filatelico. A comprehensive but simplified listing of Chilean TPO routes and their cancellations, with a short historical introduction.

China

Padget, PI. The Train Post Office Postmarks of China. Illustrated b/w, 13 pp. TPO, Vol 29 No 3, pp 56-59; Vol 30, No 1, pp 12-16, Vol 30, No 2, pp 31-34, Vol 31, No 1, pp 27-28. 1975/77.

Padget, PI et al. Chinese TPO Handstamps. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 19, No 5, pp 156-158; Vol 19, No 6, pp 195-197, Vol 20, No 1, pp 16-18, Vol 20, No 2, pp 44-49, Vol 20, No 3, pp 75-76, Vol 20, No 4, pp 121-124, Vol 20, No 5, pp 152-153, 1965/6.

Colombia



Costa Rica

Notes on the Railroads and the Ambulante Postmarks. Illustrated b/w, 20 pp. The Costa Rican Philatelist: The notebook of Los Aficionados Costaricenses. Vol 3, No 1, pp 1, 2, 9, 10, Vol 3, No 2, pp 11, 12, Vol 3, No 3, pp 21, 22, 29, Vol 3, No 4, pp 37-42, Vol 3, No 5, pp 46-48, Vol 3 , No 6, p55, Vol 4, No 1, p 10, 1954/5.

Bossum, EG. Costa Rica Railroads and Postal History. TPO, Vol 22, No 3, pp 75-79. Very little postal history included.

See also under Central America.

Cuba

Gordon, RS. RPOs in Cuba under USA. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol, 22, No 6, pp 182-183.

For the Spanish period see reference to Nathan, under Spain.

Cyprus

Hutchinson, IK. The Cyprus Government Railway. Railway Philately, Vol 8, No 2, March, 1974.

Deals with Cyprus RPO marks which were used at railway stations and not on trains.

Martin, R. The RPO marks of Cyprus. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 51, No 4, pp 102-103, Vol 52, No 1, pp 24-25, 1997/8.

Czechoslovakia

Gottsmich, SCSR. Revenue and Railway Stamps. Illustrated b/w, 210 pp. Published by ORA Verlag Icking 1976 (Germany).

Votoček, E. Monografie Československých známek (díl XIV). Monograph of Czechoslovakian Philately, Vol 14. Illustrated b/w, 688 pp. Published by Profis, Prague, 1978.

With list of pre-1918 TPOs (pp 391-501). Text in Czech.

Votoček, E. Monografie Československých známek (díl XVI). Monograph of Czechoslovakian Philately, Vol 16. Illustrated b/w. Published by Profis, Prague.

With list of 1918-1920 TPOs (pp 309-370). Text in Czech.

Votoček, E. Monografie Československých známek (díl XIX). Monograph of Czechoslovakian Philately, Vol 19. Illustrated b/w. Published by Profis, Prague.

With list of 1919-1939 TPOs (pp 393-520). Text in Czech.

Czechoslovakian TPOs

A List of Czechoslovakian TPOs used since 1956. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 42, No 3, pp 55-56, 1988.

A list of the routes with their numbers.

Czechoslovakia (Sudetenland)

Kidd, C. Travelling Post Offices in the Sudetenland. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 42, No 2, pp 33-41, 1988.

Treatment based on the author’s collection.

Honisch, H.M. Travelling Post Office and Mailguard Postmarks of Czechoslovakia. TPO, Vol 48, No 2, pp 31-33, Vol 48, No 3, pp 75-79, Vol 49, No 1, pp 22-23, Vol 49, No 2, pp 44-46, Vol 50, No 4, pp 95-97, 1994-1996.

Dahomey

See under French Colonies.

Denmark

Annholz, S. Danske Poststempler. Illustrated b/w. Published by Københavns Philatelist Klub, 1953.

Thorough study of all Danish postmarks, including TPOs etc.

Goodbody, AM. The Railway Post Offices of Denmark. Illustrated b/w, 27 pp. Published by the Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1979.

A straightforward listing including brief details of each route.

Hovard, S. De Danske Jernbanebureauer og Deres Strempler, Del1, Øerne. (The Danish Railway TPOs and their Postmarks.Vol 1 The Islands). Illustrated b/w, 250 pp. Published by FG Nordische Staaten EV, 1994.

Detailed and comprehensive. Danish text.
Hovard, S. De Danske Jernbanebureauer og Deres Strempler, Del 2, Jylland. (The Danish Railway TPOs and their Postmarks. Vol 2 Jutland). Illustrated b/w, 296 pp. Published by FG Nordische Staaten E.V., 1995.

Detailed and comprehensive. Danish text.

Postbefordringen I Inlandet. Not Illustrated 80pp.

Generaldirektoratet for Post – og Telegrafvæsenet. Timetables of mail trains for June, 1957.


Dominican Republic


Djibouti

See French Somali coast.

Dutch East Indies

Kidd, C. Travelling Post Offices in Java. Illustrated b/w, 3 pp. TPO, Vol 32, No 1, pp 17-19, 1978.

A short article based on an article in ‘De Postzak’ of September 1950 by Heer JP Traanberg and items in the author’s collection.

East Africa (Kenya)

Kidd, C. East African TPOs. Illustrated b/w, 3 pp. TPO, Vol 29, No 1, pp 16-18, 1975.

Gathers together the known facts on the TPOs on the Uganda Railway, 1901-1924. Further details in Vol 29, No2.

Martin, R. The Uganda Railway. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 49, No 1, p 24; Vol 49, No 2, pp 51-53, 1995.

See also the article by J. Harvie Pirie under ‘Rhodesia’
.
East Africa (Tanganyika)

Kidd, C. The Travelling Post Offices of Tanganyika. Illustrated b/w, 5 pp. TPO, Vol 35, No 3, pp 63-67, 1981.

Comprehensive and includes the German period. (Update of an article by the same author in 1956).
Egypt

Smith, PAS. The Travelling Post Offices of Egypt. Illustrated b/w, 65 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1983.

A detailed and comprehensive listing of Egyptian TPO routes and their cancellations. Substantial historical introduction. Developed from Egypt Study Circle study.

Egyptian Expeditionary Force

EEF Skeleton Handstamps. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 22, No 1, pp 11-14, Vol 22, No 3, pp 88-89, Vol 22, No 5, p 165, 1968.

El Salvador

See under Central America.

Estonia

Ojaste, E & Osi, H. Railway TPOs and Mail Transport on the Estonian Railways, 1918-1940. Illustrated b/w, 11 pp. TPO, Vol 38, No 3, pp 56-66. 1984.

Updated and reprinted from Eesti Filatelist. Detailed and comprehensive work.

Hurt, V. Estonian Railway Mail and Postmarks. Russian Fore-Runners, 1870-1918. Illustrated b/w, 6 pp. TPO, Vol 38, No4, pp 86-91, 1984.

Complementary to the work by Ojaste & Osi, published in the previous number.

Ojaste, E. TPO Routes, Services and Cancellations in Estonia during German Occupation, 1942-1944. Illustrated b/w, 4 pp. TPO, Vol 39, No 2, pp 40-43, 1985.

Complements the articles in Vol 38 Nos 3 & 4.

(There is a large volume on Estonian Postal History in English and German. Three chapters are devoted to the travelling post offices. Details of title and author are sought. Published 1980s(?).

Estonian Railway travelling Post Office Cancellations 1991-2
http://www.algonet.se/~bert/estica/tpo.html

Ethiopia

Payne, FG. TPOs in Ethiopia. Illustrated b/w. Railway Philately, Vol 24, No 3, June, 1990.

Finland

Franklin, NC. Finnish TPO Cancellations, 1872-1917.

Illustrated b/w, 9 pp. Scandinavian Contact, Vol 11, No 6, pp 182-191, 1983. Simplified treatment in English.
Hellman, K & Itkonen, J. The Helsinki-St.Petersburg Railway and the Finnish Postal Compartment Cancellations. Illustrated b/w, 27 pp.
Catalogue of ‘Finlandia 1988’ pp 76-103. (Reference doubtful).

Kidd, C. Railway Post Offices of Finland. Illustrated b/w, 17pp. TPO, Vol 37, No 4, pp 81-91; Vol 38, No 1, pp 17-20, Vol 38, No 2 pp 40-42, Vol 38, No 4, pp 83-84, 1983/4.

Tester, HE. TPO Cancellations of Finland. Illustrated b/w, 7 pp. Scandinavian Collectors Club, Los Angeles Chapter, Vol 12, No7, pp 1-8, 1980.

Classification based on type of postmark.
Tielinen, YE Postivaunujen No (xx) leimat. (Postal Wagon No (xx) cancels). Illustrated b/w, 28 pp. Published serially in a Finnish philatelic magazine, 1972-1975 (one part probably published in 1967).

Definitive listing of Finnish TPO marks. Every type of mark for each route listed chronologically and numbered, with text, dates of use and identifying characteristics. Complete to early 1950s.
France

Bonnevie, A. Obliterations Ferroviaires de France, Catalogue philatelique. (French Railway Pictorial Cancellations, 1914-2002). Chase, C & de Beaufond, EH. Catalogue des Cachets des Bureaux Ambulants de France de l’origine à 1900. Illustrated b/w, 58 pp.

Les Editions EH de Beaufond, Paris, 1951.

Definitive work including entry marks, up to 1900.

Chase, C. Catalogue des Cachets des Courriers-Convoyeurs (France, Algérie et Tunisie) de l’origine à 1900. Les Bôites Mobiles, Les Cachets de Gares. Illustrated b/w, 126 pp.

Les Editions EH de Beaufond, Paris, 1954.

Definitive work including courriers-convoyeurs-stations and courriers-convoyeurs-lignes, moveable boxes and station marks, also Algeria and Tunisia, up to 1900.

Goodbody, AM. An Introduction to French Railway Post Offices. Illustrated b/w. Railway Philately, Vol 14, No 1, pp 14-18, Dec, 1979.

Goodbody, AM. An Introduction to the Railway Station Postmarks of France. Illustrated b/w. Railway Philately, Vol 12, No 1, Dec, 1977, pp 3-5.
Knepp er & Pochet. La Poste et Le Rail. Illustrated b/w and colour. 207 pp hardback. La Vie du Rail, Paris.

Lesgor, R & Minnigerode, M. The Cancellations on French Stamps of the Classic Issues, 1849-1876. Illustrated b/w. 10 pp (Plus tabulated information). The Nassau Stamp Co, New York, 1948.

Chapter IV covers Railway Postmarks.

Lorne, H. Catalogue des Cachets des Bureaux de Passe. Illustrated b/w, 23 pp. Les Editions EH de Beaufond, Paris, 1954.

La Poste Ferroviaire de ses Débuts à 1870.

(Encyclopédie des Timbres-Poste de France: Tome II, Fascicule 1). Published by the Acadamie de Philatelie, 1992.

Treats the early development of the French TPOs and Courriers-Convoyeurs. Text in French.

Pothion, J. Catalogue Bureaux Ambulants 1845-1965, Cachets de Gares 1854-1960. Illustrated b/w 71 pp. La Poste aux Lettres, 1978. ISBN 2-85374-012-9.

Pothion, J. Catalogue des Cachets Courriers-Convoyeurs-Lignes. Illustrated b/w, 78 pp. Published by the author(?), 1965.

A pure listing, giving for each postmark a price in francs. Algeria included in a separate list. French text.

Pothion, J. Catalogue des Cachets Courriers-Convoyeurs-Lignes 1877-1966. Illustrated b/w, 87 pp. ISBN 2-85374-005-6.

Pothion, J. Catalogue Cachets de Gares, 1854-1960. Illustrated b/w. La Poste aux Lettres, 1975.

A pure listing with prices, for France only. French text.

Pothion, J. France Bureaux Ambulants, 1845-1965. Illustrated b/w, 28pp. La Poste aux Lettres, Paris, 1975. ISBN 2-85374-002-1.

A pure listing, giving for each postmark a price in francs. Algeria and Colonies are not included. French text.

Pothion, J. Catalogue des Cachets Courriers-Convoyeurs-Lignes 1877-1966. Illustrated b/w, 87 pp. Published by La Poste aux Lettres, Paris 1979. ISBN 2-85374-015-3.

Pothion, J. France Bureaux Ambulants, 1845-1965, Cachets de Gares 1854-1960. Illustrated b/w. 36 pp.

Relates to TPOs out of a total 77 pp. La Poste aux Lettres, Paris, 1986.ISBN 2-85374-033-1 (Slightly reduced page size, update of 1978 edition – eg new1238B).

Robinson, A. The Postal Markings of the Bureaux de Passe, 1864-1882. Illustrated b/w. 29 pp. France & Colonies Philatelic Society, of G.B, 1977.

Catalogue Spécialisé des Timbres de France. Tome II XXe siècle (1re partie). Illustrated b/w, 320 pp. Editions Yvert & Tellier, 1982.

The section on La Poste Ferroviaire contains information not readily available elsewhere, eg on the Military TPOs of the Great War.

France (Réunion)

Ibbotson, P. Réunion Railway Cancellations. Illustrated b/w, 2 pp. Stamp Collecting, 24 June, 1976, pp 1007, 1009.

Description of the line, postmarks, usage and map.

French Colonies

Waugh, WM. Railway Mail in the French African and Indian Ocean Colonies. Illustrated b/w, 40 pp. France & Colonies Philatelic Society, USA, 1987.

French Equatorial Africa

See under French Colonies.

French Guinea

See under French Colonies.

French Somali Coast

See under French Colonies.

French Sudan

See under French Colonies.

German South West Africa

Vogenbeck, P. Nebenstempel und Dienstsiegel von Deutsch-Südwestafrika. Illustrated b/w. 300 pp. Published by the author, 1999.

The final 25 pp deal with the railway markings.

See also under South Africa.

Germany

Becker, M. Die Geschichte der Bahnpostbeförderung auf der Harzquer-und Brockenbahn. No further details
Bromann-Schmidt, H. Die Bahnposten der Deutschen Dienstpost Niederlande, Heft 2 der bp Schriftenreihe der Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Bahnpost, Eigenverlag 2002.
Bufe, S. Eisenbahnen in West und Ostpreussen. Bufe-Fachbuch-Verlag, 1986. Illustrated b/w. German text. ISBN 3-922138-24-1.

Includes chapter on (eg) Last German TPO from Berlin to East Prussia.
Dahmann, J. Deutsche Dienstpost Osten WWII. TPO Vol 5, p.192; Vol 6, pp .49/50; Vol 8, p.59.

Dreise W. Postbeföderung auf Eisenbahnen zur Zeit des Norddeutschen Postbezirkes. No further details.

Garnier, I Von. Katalog der Bahnpoststempel 1868 bis 1871 (Des Norddeutschen Post bezirks). Published by the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Norddeutscher Postbezirk e.V, 2004, 238 pp.

Goldstein, H. German Chief TPO Office Identification. Not illustrated. TPO, Vol 19, No 2, pp 52-53, 1965.

Deals with the bahnpostamter.

Goldstein, H. Registered Labels of the German TPOs. Illustrated b/w, 2 pp. TPO, Vol 10, No 3, 1956.

Goldstein, H. The BPAs/TPO Offices of Germany. Not illustrated. Stamp Collecting, 6 October 1977, p 535.

Hambach, Günther. Bahnposten. In Archiv für deutsche Postgeschichte 2/74. Illustrated b/w, 2 pp. In German.

Köhler GH. Post und Tram. Illustrated b/w (a few colour plates), 384 pp. Published by the author. ISBN 3-7826-0156-4.

An excellent book dealing with the carriage of mail by tram. The first 250 pages deal with Germany, followed by Austria and then the rest of the world.

Köhler, Günter H and Claus Seelemann. Postbeförderung mit Straßenbahnen im südlichen Deutschland und in Elsaß-Lothringen. Illustrated b/w 84 pp. In Archiv für deutsche Postgeschichte 2/88. In German.

Konrad, R. Katalog der Bahnpoststempel. No further details.

Körting, Herbert. Entstehung und Weiterentwicklung der grenzüberschreitenden deutschen Bahnposten. Illustrated 40 pp. In Archiv für deutsche Postgeschichte S/84. In German.

Miosga, H. 130 Jahre Bahnpost in Deutschland – Entwicklungsgeschichte de deutschen Bahnpostwagen von 1849-1979. Illustrated b/w (Plus 9 colour prints), 144 pp. In Archiv für deutsche Postgeschichte. Heft 1/1980. ISBN 0003-8989.

Concerned mainly with TPO rolling stock, but contains a useful list of Bahnpostamter (regional TPO HQ). In German.

Noel, G. From Russia and Poland Entry Marks. Illustrated b/w 3 pp. TPO, Vol 12, No 3. Pfeiffer, WJ. Deutsche Dienstpost Nederlande. TPO Vol 5, p 159.

Rapp. IB. Deutsche Ganzsachen mit dem Motive Eisenbahn-Strassenbahn, Eigenverlag, 1994. Redwitz, H. Deutsche Sonder u Werbestempel mit dem Motiver Eisenbahn (ohne DDR) 3 Auflage, 1991, BSG Nürnberg. Redwitz, H. Freistempel mit dem Motiv Eisenbahn im Bereich der Deutschen Bundespost, Von 1948-1990 inclusive Berlin (West), 2. auflage 1992, BSG Nürnberg.

Vandervelde, VD. Vom Ausland uber Bahnpost. Illustrated b/w 2 pp. TPO, Vol 25, No 3, pp 71-72, 1971.

Zirkenbach, K. Deutsche Dienstpost Polen 1914-18. TPO, Vol 5, p 192, Vol 6, p 122, Vol 13, p 13, Vol 15, p 46, Vol 16, p 119, Vol 19, p 178.

Deutsche Dienstpost Belgien 1915. TPO Vol 5, p.132; Vol 6, p.122; Vol 8, p.59, p 103; Vol 12, p 107, Vol 14, p 155, Vol 19, p.178.

Deutsche Dienstpost Polen 1942. TPO Vol 8, p.59, Vol 19, p 178, Vol 27, p 106.

Deutsche Dienstpost Ukraine 1943. TPO, Vol 12, p 11.

Handbuch des Bahnpostwesens. Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Bahnpost e.V, 1993. Description of Bahnpost in Baden, Bavaria, Hannover, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Preußen, Sachsen, Schleswig-Holstein, Thurn & Taxis, Württemberg, Norddeutscher Bezirk, Deutsche Reichspostverwaltung, Deutsch Kolonien, Deutsche Besetzungsgebiete, Abstimmungsgebiete, Deutsche Bundespost.

Not completed yet. Illustrated b/w, c 400 pp. In German.

Katalog der unter deutscher Postverwaltung verwendeten Bahnpoststempel. Illustrated with every illustrated b/w cancellation, in alphabetical order of the stations. Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft Bahnpost e.V, 1995-2004. In German

The History of the Travelling Post Office. Not Illustrated 9 pp. Journal of Germany and Colonies Philatelic Society, 1960s(?).

Vom Auslande uber Bahnpost. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 41, No 4, pp 79-85, 1987.
Germany (Alsace-Lorraine).

Goldstein, H. TPOs in Alsace-Lorraine in World War II. Illustrated b/w, 1p. TPO, Vol 25, No 6, p187, 1971.

Illustrates four types of mark and lists the routes on which they were used.

Germany (Baden)

Railway Postal Markings of Baden. Illustrated b/w. TPO, The Quarterly Journal of the TPO & Seapost Sociery, Vol 19, No 5, pp 164-166, Vol 20, No 2, pp 42-44, 1965/6.

Germany (Bavaria)

Kittl, J. Die Stempel der bayerischen Bahnposten. Illustrated b/w, 7 pp. Archiv für Postgeschichte in Bayern, Nr. 2, December, 1950, pp 156-162.

A historical survey of the types of TPO postmarks used on the Bavarian TPOs. No checklist is given of the routes or their postmarks.

Kittl, J. (Translated by H. Goldstein). The TPO Marks of Bavaria. Illustrated b/w, 8 pp. TPO, Vol 25, No 4, pp 110-113, No 5, pp 154-157, 1971.

Study of postmarks with dates of use of various types, of which 43 are illustrated. There is no checklist of routes.

The Double Circle TPO Marks of Bavaria. Introduction and checklist of double circle marks only.

Reissermayer, H. 100 Jahre Bahnpost in Bayern. Illustrated b/w, 15 pp. Archiv für Postgeschichte in Bayern, Nr 2, December, 1950, pp 142-156.

Germany (Democratric Republic)

Goldstein, H. Current TPOs of East Germany. Not illustrated. TPO, Vol 24, No 2, pp 40-41, Vol 24, No 3, pp 79-80, 1970. A list of the routes in 1970.

Körting, H & Rendel, J. Zur Entwicklung des Bahnpostwesens in der ehemaligen sowjetischen Besatzungzone und in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Illustrated b/w, 12 pp. Philatelistischer Bericht Nr 19, Philatelistenverband im KB der DDR, Bezirksverband Leipzig, circa 1980.

Brief history of TPO service in the DDR.

Miosga, Harry. Bahnpostwagen in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Illustrated b/w, 23 pp. In Archiv für deutsche Postgeschichte 2/82.

Germany (Prussia)

Brüggener, H. Development of the Post offices and TPOs at Berlin Stations up to 1875. TPO, Vol 22, No4, pp 118-121, 1968.

Goldstein, H. Life on the Early Prussian TPOs. Stamp Collecting, 11 May 1972, pp 529 & 531.

This is essentially the introduction to the next article.

Goldstein, H. The TPOs of Prussia and their Postmarks. Journal of the Postal History Society No 169, p127, No 170, pp 136-139. Circa 1971-2.

Retzlaff, G. The Introduction of the First TPO Postmarks. (eg in Germany). Germania, October, 1981, pp 262-267.

Ritter, R. The Bahnpost in Upper Silesia. Germania, November, 1994 pp 193-201.

Taylor, BC. The Railway Travelling Post Offices of Prussia. TPO, Sept.-Oct., 1951, pp 139-142. Deals with numeral cancels in concentric circles.

Zirkenbach, K. The German three-line Railroad Cancel. Not Illustrated 14pp. Article from Der deutsche Samler, 1939 Nos. 9-11. Translated into English by E. Haide. Published by the translator(?). A pure listing of the Prussian type of three line cancellations compiled from the author’s collection.

Germany (Saar)

Green, Mrs. DM. The Railways of the Saar District of Germany, 1852-1935. Illustrated b/w, 7 pp. Railway Philately, Vol 3, No 2, 1969.

Comprehensive article with introduction, map, list of routes and illustrations of the postmarks.

Germany (Saxony)

Wagner, W. Die Bahnpost auf der sächsischen Schmalspurbahnen. Illustrated b/w & colour, 100 pp. EK-Verlag, Postfach 5560, 79022 Freiburg. ISBN 3-88255-436-3, 1998.

Wende, J. Die Bahnpost im Königreich Sachsen. Illustrated b/w, 30 pp. Forschungsgemeinschaft Sachsen im BDPh e.V, 1982.

Comprehensive treatment including TPO and station marks. German text.

Germany (Thurn & Taxis)

(Articles in TPO Vol 6, p 141, p 195, Vol 11, p 42, p 140).

Germany (Thüringen)

Zirkenbach, K. The TPOs of Thuringia, 1872-1962. Illustrated b/w, 2 pp. TPO, The Quarterly journal of the TPO & Seapost Society, Vol 18, No1, pp 4-5, Vol 18 No2, pp 39-40p, Vol 18, No3, pp 71-72, Vol 18, No 5, pp 136-138, Vol 18, No 6, p181, Vol 19, No1, pp 19-21, Vol 19, No 2, pp 73-74, Vol 19, No3, pp 109-110, Vol 19, No 4, pp 131-132, 1964/5.

Essentially a list of TPOs which operated in Thuringia.

König, Herbert. Eisenbahnen und Postwesen in Thüringen. Article in Archiv für deutsche Postgeschichte 1/88, 98 pp. With b/w illustrations and a coloured map of Thüringen.

Germany (Württemberg)

Ehrler K. Die Bahnstempel der Koniglich-Württembergischen Staats-Eisenbahn Die Bahnpost in Württemberg. EMS: Nos.139, 141,142,143, 1999-2000.

In German – illustrated 12 pp.

Stoecker, E. 125 Years of Travelling Post offices in Württemberg. Illustrated b/w, 3 pp. TPO, Vol 33, No 2, pp 43-45, 1979.

Gold Coast/Ghana

McCaig, C. The Travelling Post Offices of the Gold Coast. Illustrated b/w, 9 pp. Typescript duplicated booklet.

The Gambia, Gold Coast and Sierra Leone Study circle. c1960(?).

A useful study of an elusive subject with descriptions, listing and illustrations of all known marks.

Martin, R. TPO Postmarks of Ghana. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 53, No4, Winter, 1999, pp 117-120.

Great Britain

Blackman, GJ & Pipe, WT. Postmarks of British Railway Stations. Illustrated b/w, 92 pp. Railway Philatelic Group. ISBN 0 901667 22 6.

Goodbody, AM. An Introduction and Guide to the Travelling Post Offices of Great Britain. Illustrated b/w, 16 pp. Railway Philatelic Group, 1983 (2nd Edition). ISBN 0 901667 17 X.

Treats the British TPO network as it was in 1983.

Goodbody, AM. The Railway Sub Offices of Great Britain. Illustrated b/w, 32 pp. Railway Philatelic Group, 1983. ISBN 0 901667 16 1.

A list of railway sub offices and dates of postmark usage.

Harvey, A. Travelling Post Offices & Bag Tenders of Great Britain & Ireland, an Operational History from 1859 to 1959. Illustrated b/w. TPO & Seapost Society.

Hill, N. The Railway Travelling Post Offices of Great Britain and Ireland, 1838-1975. Illustrated b/w, 24 pp. Harry Hayes, 1977. ISBN 0 905222 33 4.

Listing and historical details of TPO routes. Not comprehensive as far as postmarks are concerned.

Johnson, P. The British Travelling Post Office. Illustrated b/w, 104 pp. Ian Allan, 1985. ISBN 0 7110 1459 0.

Johnson, P. Mail by Rail. Illustrated b/w, 128 pp. Ian Allan, 1995. ISBN 0 7110 2385 9.

Kerr, G. Letter Boxes on Trains and Buses. Illustrated b/w, 13 pp. Article in Tramway Review Vol 20, No 156, Winter 1992, pp 137-149. ISSN 0041-1019.

Kidd, C. The Irish Mail. Illustrated b/w, 29 pp. TPO & Seapost Society, 1996. ISBN 0 9518726 1 3.

Nock, OS. Scottish Night mails of the LMSR. Illustrated b/w, 22 pp. The Railway Magazine No 573, pp 3-13, No 574, pp 75-79, No 575, pp 157-162, 1948.

Describes the ‘specials’ from a railway angle.

Roberts, GP & Stubbs, RM. TPO Postmarks of Great Britain, 1962-1990. Illustrated b/w, 73 pp. TPO & Seapost Society, 1991. ISBN 0-9518726-0-5.

Scottish Postmark Group. The “EDINR M” Postmark. Illustrated b/w, 6 pp. Article from the ‘Official Souvenir Handbook of the 50th Anniversary Celebrations of the Edinburgh PS. Published by the Society, 1977.

Taylor, FW. Mailguard Postmarks. Illustrated b/w. Railway Philately, Vol 32, No 3, June, 1988.

Voice, David. Freight on Street Tramways in the British Isles ISBN 978-1-874422-662
Two chapters on Tramway Parcels Services and Postal Services

Ward, C.W. English TPOs – Their History and Postmarks. Illustrated b/w, 106 pp. Published by the author, 1940s(?).

For many years this was the definitive work.

Ward, CW. Scottish TPOs – their History and Postmarks. Illustrated b/w, 28 pp. Published by the author, 1940s(?).

Wilson, FJ. Great Britain & Ireland Travelling Post Office Postmarks: A Guide and Catalogue. Not Illustrated 84 pp. Railway Philatelic Group, 1985. ISBN 0 901667 20 X.

The only listing which gives valuations.

Wilson, HS. The Travelling Post Offices of Great Britain & Ireland: Their History and Postmarks. Illustrated b/w, 300 pp. Railway Philatelic Group, 1996. ISBN 0 901667 23 4.

The definitive work by the leading exponent of the subject.

The Northern Belle. TPO, Vol 27, No 2, pp 41-42, 1973.

An account of the luxury train of the 1930s and its cachets.




Mail by Rail (UK TPOs)
http://www.lightstraw.co.uk/gpo/tpo/

The Travelling Post Office
http://www.allanyeo.co.uk/


Great Britain (Army)

Eaton, J. Divisional Trains and Railheads. Illustrated b/w. Railway Philately, Vol 24, No 1, Dec, 1989, pp 16-17.

Stubbs, R. British Expeditionary Force Main Line TPOs. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 52, No 3, Autumn, 1998, pp 88-89.

British Army TPO, North Russia. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 22, No 2, pp 40-44, Vol 22 No 5, pp 150-152, 1968.

BEF Main Line TPO. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 23, No 3, pp 67-70, 1969.

Greece

Current Greek Travelling Post Offices. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 29, No 2, pp 30-31, 1975.

Guyana

See British Guiana

Guatemala

TPO, Vol 14, p175.

Visser, JP. TPOs of Guatemala. Not illustrated. TPO, Vol 19, No 5, p 172, 1965.

Bayliss, D. Some Notes on Guatemala Ambulantes. Not Illustrated 1p. Central American Newsletter, No12, published by the Spanish Main PS, June, 1983.

Notes amplifying a display given to the Society and the section ‘Ambulantes’ in ‘Guatemala 2’, pp 595-601 published by Robson Lowe for the International society of Guatemala Collectors.

Clough, GK. Guatemala’s Railroads: Travelling Postal Agencies and their Postmarks and Cancellations. Not Illustrated 13 pp.

This is apparently a chapter from ‘Guatemala: a Handbook on the Postal History and Philately of Guatemala,’ published by Robson Lowe, 1974 (2 volumes). I suspect it first appeared in ‘El Quetzal,’ the Journal of the International Society of Guatemala Collectors, starting with issue No 127, January, 1961, pp 4-6, then No 128, February, 1961, pp 4-8, then pp 38-43 of a subsequent issue.

Honduras

TPO, Vol 12, p33, p54.

Hungary

Kostyán Ákos. A Magyar Bélyegek Monográfiája VI. A Magyar Postaigazatás Bélyegzöi, 1867-1967. Illustrated b/w, 831 pp. Közlekedési Dokumentációs Vállalat, 1973.

Definitive and very detailed work on Hungarian postmarks. Part 4 (pp 693-822) deals with TPOs. Railway station marks (pálya udvar) are scattered throughout the rest of the text, which is in Hungarian. (NB there are also interesting examples in Volume II).

Benford, M. Hungarian Railways and the Post. Illustrated b/w. Stamp Collecting, 10 July, 1980, pp 147-153.

A useful introduction to the subject, in English.

Benford, M. The Visszatert Period in Hungarian Philately. Illustrated b/w, 154 pp. Published by the author. ISBN 0 9504552 3 7.

Chapter 3 contains an account of the Travelling Post Offices, which operated in those parts of Czechoslovakia, Romania and Yugoslavia temporarily re-occupied by Hungary in 1938.

Christian, RL. Early Hungarian TPOs. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 28, No 1, pp 5-6; No 2, pp 40-41, No 3, pp 64-65; No 4, pp 90-92, No 5, pp 127-129, 1974.

A detailed treatment covering routes 1-11 only.

India

Haines, C. Railway Mail Service Sections, 1924-1940. Not illustrated. India Post: The Journal of the India Study circle for Philately, Vol 31, No 2, pp 46-53, Vol 31, No 3, pp 93-99, Vol 31, No 4, pp 149-155, Vol 32, No 1, pp 29-30, Vol 32, No 2, pp 59-66, Vol 32, No 3, pp 113-120, 1997/8.

Essential for translating the coded postmarks into routes.

Martin, D.R. Indian Travelling Post Offices, 1864-1891. Illustrated b/w, 40 pp. Robson Lowe Ltd, 1969.

Descriptive with historical introduction, maps, etc. Not apparently comprehensive as regards postmarks and (because of the date restriction) no help with the later all-India marks.

RMS/TPO Study Group Progress Reports Nos.1-6. Illustrated b/w, 22 pp. Published by the India Study Circle, 1966.

Detailed study to the end of the 1870s with references to earlier works by Renouf, Cooper and Robson Lowe.

India (Cochin)

Mooss, NS. The Railway Mail Service of Cochin. TPO, Vol 20, No 5, pp 136-138.

India (Jaipur)

Early Jaipur State TPOs. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 28, No 6, pp 145-148, 1974.

Indo China

Goodbody, AM. Railways of Tonkin and their Travelling Post Offices. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 58, No 3, pp 85-89, 2004, Vol 58 No 4, p 105.

Iran


Iraq

There is a single reference in the TPO Cumulative Index (Vol 4, p 21).

Ireland

Goodbody, AM. Irish Railway Station Offices. Illustrated b/w. Railway Philately, Vol 17, No 4, Sept., 1983, pp 88-90.

Ward, CW. Irish TPOs – Their History and Postmarks. Illustrated b/w, 16 pp. Published by the author, 1940s(?).

See also under Great Britain (HS Wilson).

Israel

Vandervelde, VD. The Travelling Post Offices of Israel, Part I: The Ottoman Empire. Illustrated b/w, 11 pp. TPO, Vol 29, No 2, pp 22-23, Vol 29, No 3 pp 63-67, Vol 29, No 4, pp 89-91, Vol 30, No 1, p 17, 1975/6.

A compilation of material previously available from widely scattered sources.

Vandervelde, VD. The Travelling Post Offices of Israel, Part I: The Ottoman Empire (Continued). Illustrated b/w, 9 pp. TPO, Vol 32, No 1, pp 7-15, 1978.

Additional information, which came to light after the publication of the original series of articles.

Italy

Cattani, A. Catalogo degli annullamemnti italiani ambulanti ferroviari - lacuali marittimi 1851-1890. Illustrated b/w, 142 pp. Associazione per lo Studia della Storia Postale, 1996.

Dehn, RA. Travelling Post Offices in the Kingdom of Italy. Illustrated b/w, 18 pp. TPO, Vol 37, No 2, pp 44-48, Vol 37, No 3, pp 58-70, 1983.

Introduction and dated lists of routes with representative cancellations illustrated. NB See note after ‘G Bock’ under Austria.

Dehn, RA. TPOs on Routes to Italy’s Northern Frontiers. Illustrated b/w, 5 pp. Philatelic Magazine, January 1979 pp 289-297 (odd numbered pages only).

Italy (Sardinia)

Dehn RA. TPOs in Sardinia. A few lines only. TPO, Vol 49, No 3, p70, 1995.

Italy (Sicily)

Alabiso, A. Posta per Ferrovia in Sicilia. Illustrated b/w, 135 pp. Palermo, 1994.

Ivory Coast

See under French Colonies.

Jamaica

Topaz, R et al. Jamaica Railway Town Cancellations Part I. Illustrated b/w. British Caribbean Philatelic Journal, Vol 16, No 5, Oct, 1976, pp 137-144.

N.B. Part II is probably in Vol 17, No1, pp 10-16. Subsequent parts??

Watson, J. Jamaica, 125th Anniversary of the Railway. Illustrated b/w. Gibbons Stamp Monthly, May, 1971, pp 312-316.

Some details of the TPO cancels at the end of the article which was apparently based on one in The American Philatelist, Vol 76, No 5, Feb. 1963, pp 343-4.

Jamaica: The Government Railway and Associated Postmarks. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 45, No 2, Summer, 1991, pp 27-29.

Japan

Braybrook, AH. An Introduction to the Railway Travelling Post Offices of Japan. Illustrated b/w. Railway Philately, Vol 1, No 1, 1966. pp 14-16.

Ujii, K. The Outline of Railway Post Office Postmarks in Japan. Illustrated b/w, 4pp. Publisher?

Robertshaw, DA. Japanese Railway TPO Cancellations. Illustrated b/w, 12 pp. Published by the author(?), date(?).

Based on collections rather than official sources.

Spaulding, RM Jr. Time Indications in Postmarks. Illustrated b/w, 10 pp. Japanese Philately, Vol 23, No 4, 1968.

Not specifically about TPOs but includes information on how time, direction and trip number were shown in different types of TPO postmarks.

The Railway Mail Service of Japan. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 28, No 3, pp 61-63, Vol 28, No 5, pp 115-117, 1974.

Based on information supplied by Tokyo GPO, 1951.

Jordan

Jordanian TPOs. TPO, Vol 20, No 5, pp 133-136, 1966. TPO, Vol 28, No 3, pp 53-54, 1974.

Kenya

See under East Africa. See also the work by J. Harvie Pirie mentioned under ‘Rhodesia’.

Korea


Latvia

Engel, E. The Railroad Mail of Latvia. Illustrated b/w. The American Philatelist, April, 1988, pp 337-341.

The Travelling Post Offices of Latvia. Illustrated b/w, 2 pp. TPO, Vol 36, No 2, pp 25-26, 1982.

Introduction and list of routes for the period 1920-1941

Lettland Handbuch Philatelie und Post-geschichte, Die Stempel. (Handbuch-5) (pp 27, 89/90, 244-249). Illustrated b/w. Harry Hofmann Verlag, Postfach 520518, D-2000, Hamburg 52. ISBN 7-7636-5061-X, 1987/88.

Lebanon

Lebanese Rupublic Courriers-Convoyeurs. TPO, Vol 38, No 2, p 27. Postmarks from three routes illustrated.

Lithuania

Kidd, C & Visser, JP. Lithuania -The Travelling Post Offices. Illustrated b/w, 12 pp. TPO, Vol 37, No 2, pp 27-38, 1983.

Deals mainly with the independent period but includes an introduction to the Russian TPOs through Lithuania.

Is there a Harry Hofmann book similar to the ‘Lettland Handbuch’ but dealing with Lithuania?

Luxemburg

Englebert, R. Cachets Ambulants du Grande-Duche de Luxembourg. Publisher unknown, 50 pp , 1961.

Kidd, C. The Railway Postmarks of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. TPO, Vol 39, No 4, pp 84-94, Vol 40, No 1, p 10.

Useful update of an earlier article, with map.

Madagascar

Coles, CWE. The Railway Postmarks of Madagascar. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 22, No 1, pp 1-7. Spong, CW. Madagascar Rail and Mail Services. Illustrated b/w, 102 pp. Indian Ocean Study Circle, 2003. ISBN 0 9526407 2 4.

Walker M. The Railway Lines and TPOs of Madagascar. Published in Newsletter of the (South African) Railway Thematic Group No 23, November 1991 2 pp.

Details the different lines on the island and the TPO postmarks used on them.

See also under French Colonies.

Malaya

Clayton, D. Train Letters of Malaya. Illustrated b/w, 5 pp. TPO, Vol 37, No 2, pp 39-43, 1983.

Deals with letter boxes and cachets used on trains between Penang, Ipoh, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore.

Malaya (Selangor)

RMS Selangor. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 19, No 5, pp 153-155.

Could this be ‘Railway Mail Service’?
Mauritius

Ibbotson, P. Mauritius Travelling Boxes. Stamp Collecting, 17 June, 1971 pp 745 and 747.
Mexico.

Lerpinière, PE. The TPOs of Mexico. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 18, No 3, pp 65-71, Vol 18, No 4, pp 105-111, Vol 18, No 5, pp 135-136, Vol 18, No 6, pp 184-185, Vol 19, No 1, pp 28-31, Vol 19, No 2, pp 72-73, Vol 19, No 3, pp 110-111, Vol 19, No 4, pp 134-135, Vol 19, No 5, p167, Vol 19, No 6, pp 206-207, Vol 20, No 1, pp 23-24, Vol 20, No 2, pp 49-50, 1964/6.

Morocco (French)


Morocco (Spanish)


Mozambique

Grethe W & Walker M. Travelling Post Office Cancels & Registration Labels, Railway Tax Stamps and Railway Company Cancels of Mozambique. Part II Published in Newsletter of the (South African). Railway Thematic Group, Railway Philately, No 17, May 1990, 3 pp.

Continues the detailed listing of marks and stamps used (My first copy – must check for Part I).

Netherlands

Benders et al. Spoor en Post in Nederland. Illustrated b/w, 296 pp. Nederlands Spoorwegmuseum, Utrecht, 1979.

A comprehensive handbook dealing with all aspects of Dutch railway philately, including TPOs, parcel and letter stamps, station handstamps, etc.

Newfoundland

Kidd, C & Cockrill, P. Travelling Post Office Cancellations. Illustrated b/w, 52 pp. Philip Cockrill, 1987.

Kidd, C. Travelling Post Offices of Newfoundland. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 40, No 3, pp 62-74.

See also reference to Ludlow under Canada.

New Zealand

Johnstone, AB & Startup, RM. Mails By Rail in New Zealand, History of the Raiwlay Travelling Post Offices. Illustrated b/w, 206 pp. Hardback. Published by the Royal Philatelic Society of New Zealand, 2001. ISBN 0-9597883-2-8.

Ward, CW. New Zealand Marine & Railway TPOs. Illustrated b/w, 20 pp. Published by the author, 1940s(?).

Nicaragua

Bayliss, D. The Railway markings of Nicaragua. Illustrated b/w, 3 pp. TPO, Vol 39, No 1, pp 10-12, 1985.

Deals with the train letter box marks of Nicaragua.

Nigeria

Ince, JF. The Travelling Post Offices of Nigeria, 1903-1939. Illustrated b/w, 31 pp. West Africa Study circle.

McCaig, C. The Nigerias – The Travelling Post Offices. Illustrated b/w, 9 pp. TPO, Vol 30, No 3, pp 71-79, 1976. (Based on an article in the ‘London Philatelist’ for Jan/Feb. 1963).

River, railway and train letter box routes described, with illustrations of the postmarks and cachets.

North Borneo/Sabah

Kingston, HA. New TPO for Sabah. TPO, Vol 19, No 2, pp 53-54, 1965.

TPOs and the North Borneo Railway. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 52, No 4, Winter, 1998, pp 104-105.

Norway

Chambers, A. Norwegian Travelling Post Offices, Part I, The Railway Markings. Illustrated b/w, 64 pp. Philip Cockrill, 1988. ISBN 0 947628 62 2.

Extensive listing based on the author’s own collection, with additions from other correspondents. Based on a series of articles in ‘TPO’ from Vol 32, No 4 (Winter 1978) to Vol 34, No 1 (Spring 1980).

Jackson, EN. Norwegian Railways Postal Connections and Cancellations. Illustrated b/w, 72 pp. TPO & Seapost Society, 1997.

Strong on railway history, with maps but without the detailed listing of postmarks found in the Chambers book.

Tiemer, J. Katalog über Die Stempel der norwegischen Bahnpostexpeditionen. (Catalogue of Norwegian Railway TPO Postmarks). Illustrated b/w, 182 pp. Forschungsgemeinschaft Nordische Staaten e.V. im BDPh e.V. Arbeitsgrupp e Norwegen, 1983, (Second edition) 1989.

Comprehensive with illustrations of all postmarks and histories of each line. German text.

Nyasaland

Harvey Pirie, JH. TPO Marks of Southern Africa - Nyasaland. Illustrated b/w, 2 pp. The South African Philatelist, August, 1959, pp 140-141.

Hill, N. The TPOs of Nyasaland. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 27, No 4, pp 99-102, Vol 27, No 5, pp 134-136, 1973.

Lovejoy, G. Travelling Post Offices of Nyasaland. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 46, No 2, Summer, 1992, pp 35-37.

Walker M. The Travelling Post Offices of Nyasaland. Published in Newsletter of the (South African) Railway Thematic Group No 18 August 1990, 1 page.

Details the different lines in the colony and the TPO postmarks used on them.

See also under Portugal.

Palestine

Dorfman, D. Palestine TPOs, 1920-1938. Illustrated b/w, 9 pp. TPO, Vol 31, No 2, pp 45-49, Vol 31, No 3, pp 76-79, 1977.

Historical introduction, followed by an account of the postmarks used. Acknowledges an article by Cyril Kidd in BAPIP Bulletin, No16, April, 1956.

Sacher, M. The Postal Markings of Mandate Pallestine, 1917-1948. Illustrated b/w, 522 pp. The Royal Philatelic Society, London, 1995. ISBN 0 900631 30 9.

The TPOs are dealt with on pp 51-55, 126-128, 471, 509-514.

Panama Canal Zone

Canal Zone Railway Post Office, Seapost and Paquebot Markings. Illustrated b/w. Chapter 51 (pp 403-410) of ‘Canal Zone Postage Stamps’. Published by the Canal Zone Postal Service, 1961.

Not very authoritative for an official publication.

Paraguay

Bayliss, DG. Paraguayan Railway Markings. TPO, Vol 37, No 2, p 22, 1983.

The author concludes that there were no TPOs in Paraguay.

Peru

Visser, JP. The Railways and their Postmarks. TPO, Vol 36, No 3, 1982, pp 61-64.

Philippines

Tierney, JH. Philippine RPOs. TPO, Vol 20, No 3, p 76, 1966.

See also reference to Nathan, under Spain.

RPOs on the Manila Railway. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 52, No 4, 1998, pp 99-101, Vol 53, No 1, pp 18-19, Vol 53, No 2, p42, 1998/9.

Railway POs in the Philippines. TPO, Vol 31, No 3, 1977, pp 80-81.

Details of the only two routes operating.

Poland

Berrisford, AA & Bojakowski, RZ. Polish Railway Travelling Post Offices, 1919-1939. Illustrated b/w, 33 pp. Published in ‘Dyliżans,’ the Journal of the Society for Polish Philately in Great Britain, Nos 11-14, October 1998-July, 1999.

A list of known postmarks used between the wars.

Jasiak, L. Listing of Polish TPOs. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 40, No 4, 1986, pp 94-96.

Current list of TPO routes. Krogulski, Z. Łacznosc portow morskich ambulansami w latach 1945-46. Illustrated b/w. 9pp. No further details.

Appears to describe TPO routes in that part of Germany ceded to Poland in 1945.

Travelling Post Offices in Poland. Illustrated b/w, 2 pp. TPO, Vol 55, No 3, 2001, pp 86/87.

Portugal

Kidd, C. Railway Post Offices of Portugal. Illustrated b/w, 21 pp. TPO Vol 36, No 2, pp 28-35, Vol 36, No 3, pp 65-72, Vol 36, No 4, pp 88-92, 1982.

Comprehensive work from the conception to the present. Descriptions of the routes and postmarks with maps.

Magalhães, A.G. de. Marcofilia do Serviço Postal ambulante de Portugal e Ultramar. Illustrated b/w, 80 pp. Núcleo Filatélico do Ateneu Comercial do Porto, 1986.

Comprehensive treatment of TPO and mailguard routes with illustrations of the postmarks in Portugal, Mozambique, Angola and Portuguese India. There is a section at the end dealing with railway stations.

Portuguese India

See under Portugal.

Puerto Rico

See reference to Nathan under Spain.

Réunion

See under France (Réunion).

Rhodesia

Walker M. The TPOs of Southern Rhodesia. Published in Newsletter of the (South African) Railway Thematic Group, Railway Philatelic Group, No 20 February 1991 2 pp.

An introduction to the introduction and operation of TPOs between 1908 and 1921. Also lists a bibliography with the following additional work.

Harvey Pirie JH. Travelling Post Offices of Southern Africa. The South African Philatelist August 1958, August 1959 & September 1959.

Smillie, I. Background to the Rhodesian TPO. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 18, No 1, pp 8-10, Vol 18, No 2, pp 49-50, Vol 18, No 3, pp 74-75, Vol 18, No 5, pp 145-148, Vol 18, No 6, pp 193-195, 1964.

See also under South Africa.

Romania

Marinescu, C. Poşta Ambulantă Feroviară în România, 1869-1994. Illustrated b/w, 305 pp. Buchurest, 1995.

Comprehensive treatment. Romanian text.

Vandervelde, VD. The Railway Posts of Roumania. Illustrated b/w, 9 pp. TPO, Vol 31, No 2, pp 33-41, 1977.

A detailed study of the railborne, wholly Roumanian travelling post offices, prior to the First World War. (The author).

Russia

Ashford, PT. Imperial Russian Stamps used in Transcaucasia. Part Five - The Transcaucasian Railway. Illustrated b/w, 60 pp. British Society of Russian Philately (BJRP), 1981.

Devoted mainly to the TPOs of the Transcaucasian Railway, namely the Poti-Tiflis-Baku line, also station post offices.

Ashford, PT. Postal Cancellations of the Trans-Caucasian Railway. Illustrated b/w, 84 pp. Published by the author, 1994. Also addenda in BJRP, No 79, 1995, pp 36-42.

Epstein, A. TPOs on Military Railways of the Caucasian Front. British Journal of Russian Philately, No 79, 1995, pp 14/15. Illustrated b/w plus map.

Kiryushkin, AV & Robinson, PE. Russian Railway Postmarks. Illustrated b/w, 180 pp. J. Barefoot, 1994. ISBN 0 906845 47 5.

Stations and TPOs are treated for the Empire Period. There are copious maps and illustrations.

Luchnik, NV. Russia’s Railroad mails. Illustrated b/w, 30 pp. Sovietskii Kollektionner: English translation by R Trbovich published in ‘Rossica’ Journal, USA, 1974. Comprehensive study of the Empire period to 1917, including railway station marks. Robinson, PE. Siberia: Postmarks and Postal History of the Russian Empire Period. Illustrated b/w, 160 pp. Published by the author, 1986/7 with Supplement, 1997. ISBN 0 9511603 1 1.

Senegal

See under French Colonies.

Serbia

Visser, JP. The TPOs of Serbia. Illustrated b/w, 5 pp. TPO, Vol 32, No 3, pp 53-57, 1978.

Useful article which updates a series of articles which appeared in the Viennese magazine ‘Die Postmarke’ by E Derocco in 1932/3 entitled ‘The Postmarks of Serbia, 1843-1921’.

Sierra Leone

Kidd, C. The Travelling Post Offices of Sierra Leone. Illustrated b/w, 4 pp. TPO, Vol 39, No 1, pp 6-9; Vol 39, No 2, p 31, 1985.

Update of an article originally published 30 years earlier.

McCaig, C. Sierra Leone – the Travelling Post Offices. Illustrated b/w, 6 pp. The London Philatelist, Jan-Feb. 1976.

More comprehensive than the 1985 article by Kidd.

South Africa

Drysdall, A. & Griffith, K. The Travelling Post Offices of Imperial Military Railways. Illustrated b/w, 75 pp. Anglo-Boer War Philatelic Society, 1997. ISBN 0 90138 05 9.

Harvey Pirie, JH. South African War Train, 1941. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 22, No 4, pp 111-112, 1968.

South Africa/South West Africa

Hagen, HS & Naylor, SP. Railway Postal History of South Africa. Illustrated b/w, 279 pp. Philatelic Foundation of Southern Africa, 1998.

The definitive work covering TPOs, railway letters, stations and the railway official postcards. Union of South Africa List of Post and Telegraph Offices, July 1912. Not Illustrated, about 60 pages including Bechuanaland and Southern Rhodesia. Published by Dr TB Berry and distributed by the Philatelic Society of Johannesburg, 1973.

Appendix I contains a list of Post and Telegraph Offices. Those at railway stations are shown in italics. (The practice of using italics for this purpose persisted until the end of railway agencies in 1994).

South Africa (Transvaal)

Drysdall, AR. Transvaal, Railway Stamps and Travelling Post Offices. Illustrated b/w, 151 pp. James Bendon, 1997. ISBN 9963 579 75 2.

Spain

Goldstein, H. Spanish Tramway Mails. TPO, Vol 21, No 6, pp 203-204, Vol 22, No 1, pp 20-22, 1967/8.

Nathan, NS. Ambulantes Y Marcas Ferroviarias de España y Colonias. (TPO & Railway Marks of Spain and Colonies. English and Spanish text). Illustrated b/w, 228 pp. Colección Filatelica HOBBY, Madrid, 1979. ISBN 84-7132-024-X.
Navarro, A. Marcas Lineales de Estación Utilizadas como Matasellos. 56 pp. Expo Galeria, 2002. Catalogue of Spanish railway station cancellations (in Spanish).

Ambulantes y Moviles. Journal of the Grupo Tematico Ferroviario y de estudio del correo por F.C. y carretera. Details of Spanish TPOs and other railway philatelic information – in Spanish.

A Goodbody has from No44 Nov 1985 to No 78 Oct 1991.

Wilson, PA. The Ambulante Service. España – Magazine of the Spanish Study Circle. Vol XXXIX No 2, p 4-9. 1966.

A brief introduction to the routes and types of markings.

Spanish Morocco

See reference to Nathan, under Spain.

Sudan

Dight, J.F. Sudan: The Postal markings of the Travelling Post Offices. Illustrated b/w. 106 pp. Sudan Study Group, 1990.

Sweden

Hellberg, P. Sweden-Christmas TPOs. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 53, No 3, Autumn, 1999, pp 73-75.

Hjertberg, P. Postkupéexpeditioner postiljons - och postkupéer, 1868-1968. Not Illustrated 39 pp. Wasa Frimärksaffär, Göteborg, 1978.

A pure listing of the numbered Swedish TPO routes with dates. Routes indicated by terminal points, initials of railway company and FKMB marks are not included. Short historical introduction. Swedish text.

Jahr, K. Liste over Svenske Bureauer (PKP). Not Illustrated b/w, 23 pp. Posthistorisk Tidsskrift, Denmark, 1975.

A pure listing along the lines of the Hjertberg book.

Reher, B. Bahnpost Polcirkeln-Narvik. Illustrated b/w, 15pp. Polarphilatelie e.V, 1978. Lists all the routes which cross the Arctic Circle.

Sjögren, E. Svenska Järnvägssträckot med Nummerstämplar – PKXP, PLK PKP, 1868-1968. Illustrated b/w, 108 pp. Frimärksaffären Christer Karlsson AB, 1990.

Arranged geograqphically rather than numerically. Again only the numbered routes are treated.

Wågerman, I. Svensk Järnvägspost 1968-1988. Illustrated b/w, 23 pp. Published by the author.
Facit Postal History/Postmark Catalogue. Frimarkshuset AB, 1982 (or later editions).

The section 'Järnvägspost/Railway Post’ is fully comprehensive, including the routes indicated by initials or terminal points, which are not covered by the other references.

Järnvägs Posten. Illustrated b/w with colour prints, 107 pp. Page One Publishing AB, Stockholm. (Stockholm Postal Museum Publication).

Switzerland

Goodbody, AM. The Railway Post Offices of Switzerland. Illustrated b/w, 26 pp plus map. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1982.

A straightforward listing with brief details of each route.

Goodbody, AM. The Travelling Post offices of Switzerland, 1889-1901. Illustrated b/w. Railway Philately, Vol 25, No 2, pp 45-54, Vol 25, No 3, pp 75-83, Vol 25, No 4, pp 116-124, Vol 26, No 1, pp 14-24, 1990/1991.

Müller, A. Die schweizerischen Bahnpoststempel mit Linienangabe von Beginn bis heute. (Swiss Railway Postmarks, with Data on the routes from their Inception to the Present). Illustrated b/w, 28 pp. Zumstein, 1977.

A listing by type of postmark, with dates and rarity factors.

Taiwan

Carver, MR (Mrs). Railway TPOs of Taiwan. TPO, Vol 11, p.73.

Sipols, B. TPOs, 1974. Illustrated b/w. TPO, Vol 32, No 4, pp 83-85, 1978.

Lists 22 railway TPOs and 9 mobile POs.

Tanganyika

See under East Africa.

Thailand

Langford, DW. The Railway Posts of Thailand. Illustrated b/w, 3 pp. TPO Vol 31, No 4, pp 92-94, 1975.

A short article covering the four routes.

Togo (French)

See under French Colonies.

Togo (German)


Trinidad

Trinidad TPO. TPO, Vol 19, No 4, pp 123-125, 1965.

TPO Trinidad. TPO, Vol 27, No 3, pp 65-67. Deals with the Arima Section only.

Tunisia

See under France.

Turkey

Coles, JH & Visser, JP. TPOs 1948-1962. TPO Vol 17, p 95, p 166, p 185.

Sipols, B. Modern Turkish Railway TPOs. TPO, Vol 31, No 3, p 80, 1977. Illustrates 11 TPO marks current in 1974.

Uruguay

Vandervelde, VD. Estafeta Ambulante Ferro Carril. TPO, Vol 38, No 2, p.37, 1984. TPO, Vol 39, No1, p 16, 1985.

USA

Beardsley, WR et al. The Streetcar Railway Postal Service in San Fransisco and Seattle & Seattle RPO. Illustrated b/w, 55 pp. Mobile Post office society, 1984.

Booth, L. The Street Railway Post Offices of Pittsburgh. Illustrated b/w, 59 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1983.

Carr, CE. Railway Mail Service: Its Origin and Development. Illustrated b/w, 48 pp. AC McClurg & Co, Chicago, 1909.

Clark, DN & Ruckle, FE. The Street Railway Post Offices of Baltimore. Illustrated b/w. 35 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1979.

Heinen, RJ. The Street Railway Post Offices of Boston. Illustrated b/w, 46 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1981.

Kay, JL. Directory of Railway Post Offices, Revised 1997. Not Illustrated, 455 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, 1997.

Kay, JL. Directory of Route Agent Routes, 1837-1882. Not Illustrated, 170 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, 1990.

Kay, JL. Directory of US Route Agent Lines Revised Edition 2000. Not Illustrated 168 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, 2000.

MacDonald, F & Towle, CL. The United States Railway Post Office Postmark Catalog, 1864-1977. Illustrated b/w. 1000 pp in 3 volumes. Mobile Post Office Society, 1990s.

Illustrates and describes a truly astonishing number of postmarks. Supersedes the 1977 publications below.

MacDonald, F. The United States Transit Markings Catalog, Volume IV, 1996 Edition. Illustrated b/w, 200+ pp. Mobile Post Office Society, 1996.

Deals with Transfer Office and other miscellaneous markings. Complementary to the MacDonald & Towle work above.

Mason, JR & Fleming, RA. The Street Car RPO Service in Chicago. Illustrated b/w. 72 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1983.

Price, JM. The Street Railway Post Offices of Brooklyn and New York City. Illustrated b/w. 47pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1979.

Schultz, RG. The Street Railway Post Offices of Saint Louis. Illustrated b/w. 56 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1984.

Stanton, TE & Truax, RA. The Street Railway Post Offices of Washington, D.C. Illustrated b/w. 44 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1983.

Stets, RJ. The Street Car RPO Service in Philadelphia. Illustrated b/w. 41 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1978.

Stewart, KT & Clark, DN. Streetcar RPO. Service in Cincinnati, Cleveland and Rochester. Illustrated b/w. 52 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, 1986.

Towle, CL. The United States Transit Markings Catalog, 1837-1974. VoI I 1837-1886. Illustrated b/w. 250 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1975.

Illustrates every known mark, with details of route and rarity factor. Superseded by the 1990s publication above.

Towle, CL. The United States Transit Markings Catalog, 1837-1974. Vol II 1887-1974 (A-L). Illustrated b/w. 250 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1977.

Illustrates every known mark, with details of route and rarity factor. Superseded by the 1990s publication above.

Towle, CL. The United States Transit Markings Catalog, 1837-1974. Vol III 1887-1974 (M-Z). Illustrated b/w. 250 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1977.

Illustrates every known mark, with details of route and rarity factor. Superseded by the 1990s publication above.

Towle, CL. The United States Transit Markings Catalog, 1837-1974. Vol IV. Illustrated b/w. 66 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, USA, 1977.

Deals with transfer clerks, local mail agents and other static offices.

Towle, CL. Railway Mail Service Eighth Division 1874-1908. Not Illustrated 60pp. Mobile Post Office Society, 1976.

RMS Timetables etc. for the 8th Division (Western States and Territories).

Towle, CL. US Route and Station Agent Postmarks. Illustrated b/w. 420 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, 1986.

Monumental and comprehensive work.

Towle, CL US Route and Station Agent Postmarks: Historical Supplement. Illustrated b/w. 122 pp. Mobile Post Office Society, 1986.

A History of the Railway Mail Service. Not Illustrated 34 pp. Mobile Post Office Society reprint of original 1903 edition.

Venezuela

Codling, AN. Venezuelan Railway TPOs – More Questions than Answers. TPO Vol 55, No 3, Autumn, 2001, pp 90-91.

Vietnam


Rest of the World

Hill, N. The Royal Tour Trains, Their Postal History and Postmarks. Illustrated b/w. 23 pp. Harry Hayes, 1977. ISBN 0 905222 32 6.

Details of the routes with dates and postmarks.

Yugoslavia

Ercegovic, V. Current TPO Lists. TPO, Vol 13, p72, p112, Vol 15, p35.










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